The Five, Nine And Fourteen Eyes Alliance

Check out our security library for more helpful articles about staying safe online. Other countries have formed surveillance partnerships with the Five Eyes, too, such as the 43 Eyes, which is the 14 Eyes plus the members of the International Security Assistance Forces to Afghanistan. The U.S proposed that France join the Five Eyes alliance, to become the Six Eyes. French President Nicholas Sarkozy wanted to be granted the same status as other allies, though.

Many have tried to expose the activities of the Five Eyes, such as Edward Snowden and WikiLeaks. Unfortunately the public remain largely nine-eyes unaware of how much they are patrolled online and what government agencies can collect from companies about their customers.

The Five Eyes have two ways to collect data, the PRISM method, and the Upstream Collection Method. PRISM works with global companies such as Apple, Google, and Microsoft. The Upstream Collection Method collects data directly from communications between two parties. It does this by monitoring fiber cables and other infrastructures.

During the second world war, the exchange of intelligence information between the UK and the U.S. was important, and the partnership continued afterward. In this article, we look at which countries are in those alliances and what they can do. The Five Eyes, Nine Eyes, and 14 Eyes groups are big players in the global surveillance game. Each country involved can carry out surveillance in particular regions and share it with others in the alliance. If you’re looking to get a VPN, it’s often advised that you get one located outside of the Eyes, though to be extra-safe, you’ll want to avoid the third-party countries and SSPAC as well. The Eyes and other partnerships allow the involved nations to have access to far more detailed information than they could collect on their own. The Eyes and other intelligence partners have enough surveillance operations running to fill some very thick books.

However, it is revealed that the criminal organization,SPECTRE, was involved in the creation of Nine Eyes and has been staging terrorist attacks around the world to create a need for the programme. In return, SPECTRE would be given unlimited access to intelligence gathered by Nine Eyes. Notably, the Centre for National Security’s website later lists Australia as a participating country, omitting Italy. After SPECTRE’s involvement is unearthed and Denbigh killed, the planned alliance, along with its global surveillance apparatus, was presumably dissolved. As mentioned above, internet service providers are actively collecting data for government agencies around the world.

  • The station in Hong Kong monitored the air network in North Vietnam.
  • But since the UK is a part of the five, nine, and fourteen eyes alliances, your VPN usage will inevitably be monitored.
  • Whether it is the NSA in the United States or the GCHQ in the United Kingdom, the “5 Eyes” is home to the most powerful surveillance agencies in the world.
  • In fairness, much of that surveillance is done to combat terrorism and organized crime.
  • Much of their work today is focused on combating international terrorism, primarily coordinating military signal exchanges among the fourteen member countries.

Electronic Communications Privacy Act,which the U.S. government enacted back in 1986, stored data can be kept for up to 180 days upon government request. All five countries share significant amounts of intelligence within their closed circle. For more than half a century, these countries executed their surveillance in secret. Initially, Crypto Exchange there were two countries, theUnited Statesand theUnited Kingdom. They partnered up through an intelligence agreement, called theUKUSA Agreement that was officially enacted in 1946. Since Snowden’s leaks back in 2013, it’s no longer a secret that some governments around the world are monitoring the use of the internet.

Fourteen Eyes Intelligence Alliance

First signs of this were seen when the Danish intelligence agency collaborated with NSA. The Danish authorities gained access to NSA tech while allowing the American intelligence agency to install surveillance equipment on fiber optic cables throughout the country. Similar to the U.K’s stringent Investigatory powers Act, Australia’s recent Assistance and Access Bill gives law enforcement agencies unhindered access to encrypted user data. Australia’s equivalent legislation contains three different powers, but the one we should be all concerned about is the “technical capability notices” . Furthermore, these logs must be kept for two years and must be made available to the U.K government and collaborating alliances. Worst of all, this data can be stored and shared without any form of legal warrant.


Well, five eyes or FVEY is an alliance between the intelligence agencies of five nations. The core objective of the five eyes intelligence is collective surveillance. The intelligence-sharing practices of these countries ethereum have wide implications for internet users and VPNs in particular. It is safe to assume that if any of these 14 nations gains access to your data online, your data can then be shared with other countries.

Vpn Jurisdiction: United Kingdom

The following list contains a handful of targets of the FVEY who are public figures in various fields. Five Eyes and France, Japan and South Korea tied up intelligence information sharing about North Korea’s military activities including ballistic missiles. In 2013 it was reported that Germany was interested in joining the Five Eyes alliance. At that time, several members of the United States Congress, including Tim Ryan and Charles Dent, were pushing for Germany’s entrance to the Five Eyes alliance. While the Five Eyes is a very specific agreement with specific operations amongst the five nations, other non-FVEY sharing agreements have been set up independently and for specific purposes. For example, according to Edward Snowden, the NSA has a “massive body” called the Foreign Affairs Directorate that is responsible for partnering with foreign countries.

Of course, internet providers have been collecting data on their customers for many years, long before this law passed in 2017. United Kingdom – Since the passage of the Investigatory Powers Act in 2016, internet service providers and telecoms have been recording browsing history, connection times, and text messages.

It’s a powerful tool that can listen to your phone calls and intercept other online communications. Evidence of this system grew over time, but the U.S. and Great Britain denied its existence until the late 1990s when it was disclosed to the public. Over the next 10 years, Canada, Australia and New Zealand joined the alliance, and by 1955, the agreement was updated to formally include them. That said, it was so secretive, the Australian prime minister wasn’t told it existed until 1973. Plus, the fact that the agreement existed wasn’t known until 2005 and its content wasn’t made public until even later. These supernatural Tibetan charms boast beautifully engraved patterns and colors.

Spying Programs Run By The Five, Nine, And 14 Eyes

Andrew Braun is a lifelong tech enthusiast with a wide range of interests, including travel, economics, math, data analysis, fitness, and more. He is an advocate of cryptocurrencies and other decentralized technologies, and hopes to see new generations of innovation continue to outdo each other. In general, unless you’re a criminal, political blockchain activist, privacy advocate, or conspiracy theorist, this doesn’t directly affect your life much. In the future, though, these alliances could affect some big public policy and tech issues. Now that they are out in the open, though, the Eyes may actually be able to get a bit more done than they could when they were in the shadows.

SIGINT collects data from communications systems, weapons systems and radars, which is what the alliance primarily deals with. For you, that means any electronic communication with someone could be monitored. Since the War on Terror began in 2001, the Five Eyes’ surveillance capabilities have expanded, especially online. Five Eyes intelligence includes a surveillance system they developed, called ECHELON, to collect information through interception. It was originally used to monitor the former Soviets Union’s and the Eastern Bloc’s communications, but it’s now used to monitor the private communications of people around the globe. The Five Eyes alliance, also known as FVEY, was founded on Aug. 14, 1941 and can be traced back to the WWII period.


All member countries within the Alliance all have similar laws regarding data retention. After the recent global terrorist attacks, several Alliance members have begun to expand powers of surveillance inside their borders. While the primary goal of the Alliance is to protect citizens from foreign terrorist schemes, the Alliance has also begun watching the activities of citizens within member countries. The company doesn’t track any user activity or data, and it won’t provide logs of any kind to any of the Five Eyes agencies. In truth, many people won’t believe that it’s necessary to get a VPN yet.

The Five Eyes (fvey)

It will need to be transparent which makes it more difficult for governments to tamper with through secret legislation. Those concerns caused the U.S. to reassess how information can be shared and how it’s connected with the allies that use the equipment, which could affect the Five Eyes alliance. With how bad China is, it’s not a good idea to involve a Chinese company in building such important infrastructure. There’s no way to know what the country will be able to do once the technology is in place. It could potentially enable China to conduct surveillance on everybody. Plus, there’s the Club de Berne, which is a forum for the intelligence-sharing services in 28 states in the EU that was founded in 1971. It’s based on voluntary exchanges, though, and the U.S. is not a member.

There are many crucial factors that decide the fate of cyber security and online privacy. There are different attack vectors that threaten your security, those include malware, phishing, etc. A firm opponent of the international usage of land mines, the Princess of Wales was placed under surveillance by GCHQ and the NSA, which kept a top secret file on her containing more than 1,000 pages. The contents of Diana’s NSA file have not been disclosed because of national security concerns.

Now, in times when everything is powered by the internet, that same practice seems to follow through, now in the form of the Five Eyes, Nine Eyes, or Fourteen Eyes. The government’s agencies have access to this data, and they can obtain it without any warrant. You’ll often come across the termsFive, Nine, and 14 Eyesas one of the biggest threats to your online privacy. These are international surveillance alliances formed between countries around the world. Though the Five Eyes countries have automatic data-sharing agreements between them, the additional countries are considered third-party members and have less clearance. That means the intelligence-sharing abilities are narrower, but they can still engage in surveillance.


In 2010, the UKUSA Agreement was finally made public and can now be viewed online. In 2013, Edward Snowden was one of the original individuals who shared files about this intelligence agreement and global surveillance. Other documents around this time also revealed that Israel was a member of the alliance, though it was not included in the Five Eyes, Nine Eyes, Fourteen Eyes. While this agreement originally started in 1941, the secret treaty has evolved over the years, expanding into online surveillance and data collection. Nine other countries were also added to the agreements over the years. While it is not officially listed as part of the Five Eyes, most believe that Israel must be included because of its close ties to the American government. For many decades, the US has operated alongside Israel’s governments.

That’s clearly not great for privacy and could be a big problem for cybersecurity, too. Though they don’t share the “Eyes” designation, there are plenty more categories for countries that share information with each other. SIGINT Seniors Pacific also includes India, Singapore, South Korea, and Thailand. They can be roughly compared to the extra countries in the Fourteen Eyes since they’re simply another branch of SIGINT Seniors. Historically, this alliance has been extremely secretive, though periodic leaks managed to keep suspicion of its existence alive for quite a while.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *